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Slatkiš je, odličan za srce – a ne goji. Znate li koliko je crna čokolada zapravo zdrava za vas?

Ne postoji osoba koje ne uživa u čokoladi i proizvodima od nje. Glavni je sastojak svih slatkih zadovoljstava, najukusnijih torti i kolača, sladoled od čokolade je jedan od najprodavanijih na svetu. Takođe, kada je potrebno skinuti nagomilane kilograme, jedan od prvih saveta je – izbacite čokoladu.

Kako imati zdravstvene benefite, mršaviti, a jesti čokoladu? I da li postoji čokolada koja je zdrava po nas?

Crna čokolada je super-hrana

Naučne studije su pokazale da jedna štangla tamne čokolade ne samo da donosi čokoladno blaženstvo već ima i ozbiljno pozitivne efekte po naš organizam. Toliko da se svrstava u super-hranu.

Tamna ili crna čokolada koja sadrži visoki udeo kakaa, bogata je flavonoidima, a oni su visok izvor antioksidanata. Oni funkcionišu tako što napadaju slobodne radikale u vašem telu, boreći se protiv propadanja ćelija, a samim tim vas štite od bolesti. Pored tamne čokolade, njih sadrži luk, bademi, crveno vino.

Svakog dana naš imunološki sistem je izložen slobodnim radikalima kroz normalne telesne procese poput disanja, znojenja ili izloženosti zagađivačima okoline poput izduvnih gasova automobila ili dima cigareta. Međutim, konzumiranje hrane poput tamne čokolade koja je bogata snažnim antioksidantima, pomaže u zaštiti ćelija od slobodnih radikala njihovim uklanjanjem. Onda i ne treba da čudi zašto mnogi u tamnoj čokoladi vide lek za dugovečnost.

U osnovi, konzumacija tamne čokolade može biti prirodni lek za najčešće zdravstvene probleme i faktore rizika. Prava tamna čokolada – neprerađena i nezaslađena, važi za slatkiš koji donosi puno neverovatnih zdravstvenih benefita. Navešćemo vam samo neke od njih.

Kakao podiže raspoloženje

Jedna od komponenata koja se nalazi u tamnoj čokoladi je teobromin. Teobromin je strukturalno prilično sličan kofeinu, a kada se konzumira u većim količinama, može prouzrokovati blagi rast krvnog pritiska i dati energiju.

Druga hemikalija koja se nalazi u čokoladi je anandamid. Anandamid je supstanca sličan THC-u i takođe može da poboljša raspoloženje na prirodne načine, bez zavisnosti i kardiovaskularnih oštećenja koja dolaze sa drugim stimulativnim supstancama.

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Još jedna hemikalija za dobro raspoloženje u crnoj čokoladi je fenetilamin, koji se u vašem telu metaboliše u serotonin. Serotonin je jedna od najvažnijih hemikalija za regulisanje raspoloženja koje telo može da proizvede. Ako vam nedostaje serotonina, dodatak fenetilaminom, čak i putem čokolade, može vam pomoći da se vratite na dobro stanje raspoloženja.

Za dobru energiju crnu čokoladu možete konzumirati kao tablu, ili skuvati topli kakao i lagano ga ispijati. Za ljubitelje letnjih poslastica predlog je da se pomeša sa neutralnom pavlakom i od toga napravi sladoled, a dobri zamrzivači biće vam saveznici u tome.

Čokolada može pomoći kod kardiovaskularnih problema

Naučna studija kod jedne određene grupe ljudi pokazala je da redovno konzumiranje kakaa može imati pozitivan efekat u borbi protiv kardiovaskularnih bolesti. Istraživanje je rađeno 2006.godine među većom studijskom grupom od 470 muškaraca, koji su testirani svakoga dana dok su konzumirali različite dnevne doze kakaa. Zaključci su bili da kakao zaista smanjuje šanse kod nastanka kardiovaskularnih bolesti i smanjuje rizik od smrti izazvane kardiovaskularnim oboljenjima za neverovatnih 50 odsto.

Sastojci koje sadrži tamna čokolada odlični su u borbi protiv oksidacije lošeg holesterola. Na duži rok, ovo bi trebalo da spreči holesterol da se skladišti u arterijama, što bi značilo manje rizika od srčanih oboljenja na duže staze. Kakao smanjuje rizik od smrti izazvane kardiovaskularnim oboljenjima za neverovatnih 50 odsto. Prema tome, čokolada je dobra za srce.

Pomaže kod upalnih procesa

Upalni procesi u telu nastaju kao deo prirodnog imunološkog odgovora na bakterije i druge štetne materije. Kada smo izloženi hroničnim upalama, to može negativno uticati na ćelije i tkiva i može povećati rizik od određenih bolesti, uključujući dijabetes tipa 2, artritis i određene vrste karcinoma. Budući da crna čokolada sadrži jedinjenja sa antiinflamatornim svojstvima, upravo oni mogu pomoći u smanjenju upale u telu.

Studija iz 2018. godine u kojoj je učestvovalo pet zdravih ljudi, ispitala je efekte crne čokolade na imuni sistem. Rezultati su pokazali da konzumiranje velikih količina čokolade sa minimum 70% kakaa utiče na aktivnost gena koji regulišu imunološki odgovor. 

Jedenje 30 grama 85% crne čokolade svakog dana tokom 8 nedelja značajno je smanjilo inflamatorne biomarkere kod ljudi sa dijabetesom tipa 2.

Pametni ljudi jedu crnu čokoladu

Čokolada se tek od nedavno proučava i zbog njenih koristi za ljudsku percepciju, odnosno kognitivnim prednostima konzumiranja čokolade. Visok unos visokokvalitetne čokolade pokazao je poboljšanja kod kognitivne obrade, veću vizuelno-prostornu svest, apstraktno rezonovanje, pamćenje i radnu memoriju.

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Gotovo 40 godina je trajalo istraživanje koje je tek nedavno završeno, a tiče se upravo efekata tamne čokolade na kognitivne funkcije. Naučnici su koristili podatke sa početka studije i upoređivali ih kroz poprečni presek. Zaključak je bio da crna čokolada ne može biti odgovorna za povećanje pameti kod ljudi, ali da pametni ljudi jedu crnu čokoladu kako bi pojačali misaone procese.

To znači da biste mogli da konzumirate crnu čokoladu pre nekih važnih poslovnih odluka ili polaganja ispita.

Svi navedeni benefiti crne čokolade imaju naučnu potporu i dokazani su na određenim grupama ispitanika. Ali, kao i kod svake namirnice-nemojte preterivati. Nutricionisti preporučuju dnevni unos od oko 20-30g crne čokolade sa minimum 70% kakaa u sebi.

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